SIBA Craft Beer Report 2022

Read the SIBA Craft Beer Report 2022, in association with Croxsons.

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SIBA Strategy 2021

Our Vision: The United Kingdom will have a vibrant, thriving and sustainable brewing industry. We want consumers to choose, and be able to choose independent beer at a fair price to all.

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BeerX UK 2022

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The Future of Small Breweries’ Relief

For the latest of SIBA’s campaign to Stop the Tax Hike on Small Breweries visit:

What is Small Breweries’ Relief?

Small Breweries’ Relief, or SBR, (sometimes known as progressive beer duty) allows small brewers to pay a more proportional rate of duty on their beer. This allows small professional brewing businesses to compete with global brewers who dominate the marketplace. A brewer up to 5,000 hectolitres (hl) of production per year pays 50% of the standard duty rate. 5,000hl is around 880,000 pints of beer. Above 5,000hl a year, the rate at which brewers pay on the standard duty rate tapers down until 60,000hl – whereby the full standard duty rate is applied.

Why did Government introduce SBR?

SBR was introduced in 2002. SIBA began lobbying for the introduction SBR at its formation, back in 1980 and this was successful after 20 years of hard work.

At the time, Government introduced SBR for 3 main reasons:

  1. The poor profitability of small breweries relative to larger breweries which enjoy better economies of scale of production;
  2. The difficulties faced by small breweries in bringing their goods to market and in competing with larger breweries which could offer bigger discounts to wholesalers; and
  3. The importance of maintaining diversity within the beer industry and preserving choice for the consumer.

The future of small breweries’ relief

Since its introduction in 2002, British independent craft brewing has been transformed. But the reasons for SBR’s introduction are as valid today as they were back in 2002. But now, we have a vibrant, exciting, innovative brewing scene in the UK which leads the world.

SIBA recognises that SBR has been responsible for this transformation and the growth in our sector, but also recognises that SBR could be improved. We believe tweaks can be made to an already winning formula to improve the sustainability of British independent craft brewing and now is the time to press these to Government.

Defending small brewers

SIBA is resolute that no brewer should lose any duty relief as the result of any reform. SIBA will continue to defend SBR at current levels whilst lobbying for positive reform. Small Breweries’ Relief at current levels is essential to the future – 83% of SIBA members say it is ‘extremely important’ to their business, 5% ‘very important’ and a further 8% consider it ‘important’.

How to reform the scheme

Once a brewer reaches 5,000hl of production, the rate at which duty relief is withdrawn on every extra barrel produced is rapid. This is referred to as the ‘cliff edge’ within SBR and can act as a significant deterrent to growing a business. As our model shows, SIBA is now asking Government for this ‘cliff edge’ to be smoothed, removing the cliff edge and incentivising brewers to grow.

The Small Brewers Duty Reform Coalition (SBDRC) argue that in order to smooth the curve above 5,000hl, there needs to be reform below 5,000hl. SIBA does not believe there exists an economic, political or moral rationale for withdrawing any relief to any brewer below 5,000hl and we will continue to defend SBR at current levels below 5,000hl. To remove relief for brewers below 5,000hl would result in the closure of many brewing businesses across the UK. This would be unacceptable to both politicians and consumers, and be contrary to the original intention of SBR – as a progressive beer duty.

Further resources

Is the policy of progressive beer duty working as intended?A report for the Society of Independent Brewers (SIBA) by economics consultancy CEBR

SBR – proposals for reform; A presentation by SIBA on the future of SBR

Westminster Hall Debate pack for MPs